Gender-sensitive national budget
In recent years, the Ecuadorian government has worked on formulating public policies aimed at reducing gender gaps. However, progress towards gender equality has been slow because resources had not previously been allocated to policy commitments in this area and the impacts of the allocation of resources on men and women had been ignored.
The Gender-Sensitive National Budget cooperation project was started in 2008 by the GIZ program PROMODE, the Ecuadorian Ministry of Finance and the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM). The project´s objective is to facilitate gender analysis in the formulation and allocation of budgetary resources by the staff of the ministry.
The intervention consisted of: I) awareness raising and capacity building on gender budgeting in the Ministry of Finance and other public institutions; and II) technical assistance for the development and application of instruments and methodologies aimed at including gender in the national budget. In particular, the work focused on the inclusion of gender in the budgetary guidelines for 2010 and the incorporation of a system to classify budgetary measures based on their effects on gender equality.
The main effect of the inclusion of gender in the national budget is that it enables the use of a gender analysis in the formulation of the government’s budget and the allocation of its resources. This will allow the monitoring of initiatives that seek to reduce gender gaps, provide information for decision making in the allocation of resources towards gender equality and facilitate accountability vis-à-vis the community.
It should be noted that the national budget allocated to the promotion of gender increased from 16 to 960 million dollars between 2011 and 2012.