Strengthening Women’s Rights
The Indonesian constitution postulates gender equality. In practice, women are discriminated by legal practice, social values and a lack of awareness of their rights, causing higher poverty among women. Since 2010, GIZ supports the Ministry of Women’s Empowerment and Child Protection to improve discriminatory policies at national and local level. The ministry builds networks with human rights and religious stakeholders to achieve over-due legal reforms. Communities define and pursue necessary changes, leading to an increased awareness of women’s rights. Cooperation with media and academia increases public awareness of women’s rights.
Increasing Women’s Participation in Fire Management
Integrating women in a community-based fire management project in Sumatra encountered resistance from most partners and NGOs at the beginning of the project. As in most parts of the world, in Indonesia fire management and fire fighting are seen as a male domain. With advise from GIZ active participation of women in fire management at local level was increased, which helped demonstrate that equal participation is one precondition for equal benefit of men and women from the programme activities. Today, most government institutions and stakeholders linked to the project recognise the importance of the active involvement of men and women in community based fire management.
Mainstreaming Gender in Public Administration Reform
In the framework of public administration reform in Indonesia, GIZ helped to initiate a dialogue between several organisations to develop a draft law on population administration which lies the foundation for a fair and transparent access to state recognition of citizenship. However, equal treatment in public service provision does not necessarily lead to equal rights in marriage and divorce. In a second step, a civil rights' dialogue was initiated that renewed the public discussion on civil status and the rights of women. A break-through in this field will be the renewed discussion in the Compilation of Islamic Laws under the aspect of gender equality, that represent the legal basis in family affairs for the more than 190 million Islamic citizens of Indonesia.
Integrating Gender into Rehabilitation and Reconstruction
The tsunami of 2004 killed around 170.000 people of Aceh. Despite the trauma caused not only by the tsunami but also by 30 years of regional armed conflict, women disproportionably tried to re-establish their livelihoods immediately and took responsibility. Nevertheless, the position of women in Aceh is diminished by the Islamic law. Given the specific problems women face in Aceh, GIZ aims at strengthening the position of women, especially in their role as citizens and economic actors, within the framework of the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Programme. Today, women play and increasingly important role in, for example, business life, where they succeed as small-scale entrepreneurs, managers and members of cooperatives.
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